LFSR and NFSR are the basic building blocks in almost all the state of the art stream ciphers like Trivium and Grain-128. However, a number of attacks are mounted on these type of ciphers. Cellular Automata (CA) has recently been chosen as a suitable structure for crypto-primitives. In this work, a stream cipher is presented based on hybrid CA. The stream cipher takes 128 bit key and 128 bit initialization vector (IV) as input. It is designed to produce $\mathrm{2^{128}}$ random keystream bits and initialization phase is made faster 4 times than that of Grain-128. We also analyze the cryptographic strength of this cipher. Finally, the proposed cipher is shown to be resistant against known existing attacks.

Source : oai:HAL:hal-01196137v1

Volume: DMTCS Proceedings vol. AP, Automata 2011 - 17th International Workshop on Cellular Automata and Discrete Complex Systems

Section: Proceedings

Published on: January 1, 2011

Submitted on: January 31, 2017

Keywords: Cellular Automata,Stream Cipher,NMix,Hybrid Nonlinear Cellular Automata,[INFO.INFO-DM] Computer Science [cs]/Discrete Mathematics [cs.DM],[MATH.MATH-DS] Mathematics [math]/Dynamical Systems [math.DS],[NLIN.NLIN-CG] Nonlinear Sciences [physics]/Cellular Automata and Lattice Gases [nlin.CG],[MATH.MATH-CO] Mathematics [math]/Combinatorics [math.CO]

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