David Bevan ; Derek Levin ; Peter Nugent ; Jay Pantone ; Lara Pudwell et al. - Pattern avoidance in forests of binary shrubs

dmtcs:1322 - Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science, July 21, 2016, Vol. 18 no. 2, Permutation Patterns 2015 - https://doi.org/10.46298/dmtcs.1322
Pattern avoidance in forests of binary shrubs

Authors: David Bevan ; Derek Levin ; Peter Nugent ; Jay Pantone ; Lara Pudwell ; Manda Riehl ; ML Tlachac

We investigate pattern avoidance in permutations satisfying some additional restrictions. These are naturally considered in terms of avoiding patterns in linear extensions of certain forest-like partially ordered sets, which we call binary shrub forests. In this context, we enumerate forests avoiding patterns of length three. In four of the five non-equivalent cases, we present explicit enumerations by exhibiting bijections with certain lattice paths bounded above by the line $y=\ell x$, for some $\ell\in\mathbb{Q}^+$, one of these being the celebrated Duchon's club paths with $\ell=2/3$. In the remaining case, we use the machinery of analytic combinatorics to determine the minimal polynomial of its generating function, and deduce its growth rate.


Volume: Vol. 18 no. 2, Permutation Patterns 2015
Section: Permutation Patterns
Published on: July 21, 2016
Submitted on: July 21, 2016
Keywords: Mathematics - Combinatorics


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