Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science |

- 1 Mathematical Sciences Research Institute
- 2 Department of Mathematics [MIT]
- 3 Department of Mathematics [Berkeley]

We study equations in groups $G$ with unique $m$-th roots for each positive integer $m$. A word equation in two letters is an expression of the form$ w(X,A) = B$, where $w$ is a finite word in the alphabet ${X,A}$. We think of $A,B ∈G$ as fixed coefficients, and $X ∈G$ as the unknown. Certain word equations, such as $XAXAX=B$, have solutions in terms of radicals: $X = A^-1/2(A^1/2BA^1/2)^1/3A^-1/2$, while others such as $X^2 A X = B$ do not. We obtain the first known infinite families of word equations not solvable by radicals, and conjecture a complete classification. To a word w we associate a polynomial $P_w ∈ℤ[x,y]$ in two commuting variables, which factors whenever $w$ is a composition of smaller words. We prove that if $P_w(x^2,y^2)$ has an absolutely irreducible factor in $ℤ[x,y]$, then the equation $w(X,A)=B$ is not solvable in terms of radicals.

Source: HAL:hal-01186233v1

Volume: DMTCS Proceedings vol. AN, 22nd International Conference on Formal Power Series and Algebraic Combinatorics (FPSAC 2010)

Section: Proceedings

Published on: January 1, 2010

Imported on: January 31, 2017

Keywords: absolutely irreducible,polynomials over finite fields,solutions in radicals,uniquely divisible group,word equation,[MATH.MATH-CO] Mathematics [math]/Combinatorics [math.CO],[INFO.INFO-DM] Computer Science [cs]/Discrete Mathematics [cs.DM]

Funding:

- Source : OpenAIRE Graph
*Mathematical Sciences Research Institute 5 Year Proposal*; Funder: National Science Foundation; Code: 0441170

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