Miles Eli Jones ; Jeffrey Remmel - A reciprocity approach to computing generating functions for permutations with no pattern matches

dmtcs:2933 - Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science, January 1, 2011, DMTCS Proceedings vol. AO, 23rd International Conference on Formal Power Series and Algebraic Combinatorics (FPSAC 2011) - https://doi.org/10.46298/dmtcs.2933
A reciprocity approach to computing generating functions for permutations with no pattern matches

Authors: Miles Eli Jones ; Jeffrey Remmel

    In this paper, we develop a new method to compute generating functions of the form $NM_τ (t,x,y) = \sum\limits_{n ≥0} {\frac{t^n} {n!}}∑_{σ ∈\mathcal{lNM_{n}(τ )}} x^{LRMin(σ)} y^{1+des(σ )}$ where $τ$ is a permutation that starts with $1, \mathcal{NM_n}(τ )$ is the set of permutations in the symmetric group $S_n$ with no $τ$ -matches, and for any permutation $σ ∈S_n$, $LRMin(σ )$ is the number of left-to-right minima of $σ$ and $des(σ )$ is the number of descents of $σ$ . Our method does not compute $NM_τ (t,x,y)$ directly, but assumes that $NM_τ (t,x,y) = \frac{1}{/ (U_τ (t,y))^x}$ where $U_τ (t,y) = \sum_{n ≥0} U_τ ,n(y) \frac{t^n}{ n!}$ so that $U_τ (t,y) = \frac{1}{ NM_τ (t,1,y)}$. We then use the so-called homomorphism method and the combinatorial interpretation of $NM_τ (t,1,y)$ to develop recursions for the coefficient of $U_τ (t,y)$.


    Volume: DMTCS Proceedings vol. AO, 23rd International Conference on Formal Power Series and Algebraic Combinatorics (FPSAC 2011)
    Section: Proceedings
    Published on: January 1, 2011
    Imported on: January 31, 2017
    Keywords: pattern match,descent,left to right minimum,symmetric polynomial,exponential generating function,permutation,[MATH.MATH-CO] Mathematics [math]/Combinatorics [math.CO],[INFO.INFO-DM] Computer Science [cs]/Discrete Mathematics [cs.DM]
    Fundings :
      Source : OpenAIRE Research Graph
    • Combinatorial Structures for Permutation Enumeration and Macdonald Polynomials; Funder: National Science Foundation; Code: 0654060

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