Dimbinaina Ralaivaosaona

A phase transition in the distribution of the length of integer partitions
dmtcs:2999 
Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science,
January 1, 2012,
DMTCS Proceedings vol. AQ, 23rd Intern. Meeting on Probabilistic, Combinatorial, and Asymptotic Methods for the Analysis of Algorithms (AofA'12)

https://doi.org/10.46298/dmtcs.2999
A phase transition in the distribution of the length of integer partitions
Authors: Dimbinaina Ralaivaosaona ^{1}
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Dimbinaina Ralaivaosaona
1 Department of Mathematical Sciences [Matieland, Stellenbosch Uni.]
We assign a uniform probability to the set consisting of partitions of a positive integer $n$ such that the multiplicity of each summand is less than a given number $d$ and we study the limiting distribution of the number of summands in a random partition. It is known from a result by Erdős and Lehner published in 1941 that the distributions of the length in random restricted $(d=2)$ and random unrestricted $(d \geq n+1)$ partitions behave very differently. In this paper we show that as the bound $d$ increases we observe a phase transition in which the distribution goes from the Gaussian distribution of the restricted case to the Gumbel distribution of the unrestricted case.
Volume: DMTCS Proceedings vol. AQ, 23rd Intern. Meeting on Probabilistic, Combinatorial, and Asymptotic Methods for the Analysis of Algorithms (AofA'12)