We show that the Galois group of any Schubert problem involving lines in projective space contains the alternating group. Using a criterion of Vakil and a special position argument due to Schubert, this follows from a particular inequality among Kostka numbers of two-rowed tableaux. In most cases, an easy combinatorial injection proves the inequality. For the remaining cases, we use that these Kostka numbers appear in tensor product decompositions of $\mathfrak{sl}_2\mathbb{C}$ -modules. Interpreting the tensor product as the action of certain commuting Toeplitz matrices and using a spectral analysis and Fourier series rewrites the inequality as the positivity of an integral. We establish the inequality by estimating this integral.

Source : oai:HAL:hal-01283123v1

Volume: DMTCS Proceedings vol. AR, 24th International Conference on Formal Power Series and Algebraic Combinatorics (FPSAC 2012)

Section: Proceedings

Published on: January 1, 2012

Submitted on: January 31, 2017

Keywords: Kostka numbers, Galois groups, Schubert calculus, Schubert varieties,[INFO.INFO-DM] Computer Science [cs]/Discrete Mathematics [cs.DM]

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