Rafik Aguech ; Nabil Lasmar ; Hosam Mahmoud - Distribution of inter-node distances in digital trees

dmtcs:3373 - Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science, January 1, 2005, DMTCS Proceedings vol. AD, International Conference on Analysis of Algorithms - https://doi.org/10.46298/dmtcs.3373
Distribution of inter-node distances in digital treesArticle

Authors: Rafik Aguech 1; Nabil Lasmar 2; Hosam Mahmoud 3

  • 1 Département de Mathématiques [Monastir]
  • 2 Institut Préparatoire aux Etudes d'Ingénieur de Tunis
  • 3 Department of Statistics [Washington]

We investigate distances between pairs of nodes in digital trees (digital search trees (DST), and tries). By analytic techniques, such as the Mellin Transform and poissonization, we describe a program to determine the moments of these distances. The program is illustrated on the mean and variance. One encounters delayed Mellin transform equations, which we solve by inspection. Interestingly, the unbiased case gives a bounded variance, whereas the biased case gives a variance growing with the number of keys. It is therefore possible in the biased case to show that an appropriately normalized version of the distance converges to a limit. The complexity of moment calculation increases substantially with each higher moment; A shortcut to the limit is needed via a method that avoids the computation of all moments. Toward this end, we utilize the contraction method to show that in biased digital search trees the distribution of a suitably normalized version of the distances approaches a limit that is the fixed-point solution (in the Wasserstein space) of a distributional equation. An explicit solution to the fixed-point equation is readily demonstrated to be Gaussian.

Volume: DMTCS Proceedings vol. AD, International Conference on Analysis of Algorithms
Section: Proceedings
Published on: January 1, 2005
Imported on: May 10, 2017
Keywords: poissonization,Mellin transform,Random trees,recurrence,contraction method.,fixed point,[INFO.INFO-DS] Computer Science [cs]/Data Structures and Algorithms [cs.DS],[INFO.INFO-DM] Computer Science [cs]/Discrete Mathematics [cs.DM],[MATH.MATH-CO] Mathematics [math]/Combinatorics [math.CO],[INFO.INFO-CG] Computer Science [cs]/Computational Geometry [cs.CG],[INFO.INFO-HC] Computer Science [cs]/Human-Computer Interaction [cs.HC]

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