Pierre Nicodème - Average profiles, from tries to suffix-trees

dmtcs:3390 - Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science, January 1, 2005, DMTCS Proceedings vol. AD, International Conference on Analysis of Algorithms - https://doi.org/10.46298/dmtcs.3390
Average profiles, from tries to suffix-treesArticle

Authors: Pierre Nicodème 1

  • 1 Laboratoire d'informatique de l'École polytechnique [Palaiseau]

We build upon previous work of Fayolle (2004) and Park and Szpankowski (2005) to study asymptotically the average internal profile of tries and of suffix-trees. The binary keys and the strings are built from a Bernoulli source $(p,q)$. We consider the average number $p_{k,\mathcal{P}}(\nu)$ of internal nodes at depth $k$ of a trie whose number of input keys follows a Poisson law of parameter $\nu$. The Mellin transform of the corresponding bivariate generating function has a major singularity at the origin, which implies a phase reversal for the saturation rate $p_{k,\mathcal{P}}(\nu)/2^k$ as $k$ reaches the value $2\log(\nu)/(\log(1/p)+\log(1/q))$. We prove that the asymptotic average profiles of random tries and suffix-trees are mostly similar, up to second order terms, a fact that has been experimentally observed in Nicodème (2003); the proof follows from comparisons to the profile of tries in the Poisson model.

Volume: DMTCS Proceedings vol. AD, International Conference on Analysis of Algorithms
Section: Proceedings
Published on: January 1, 2005
Imported on: May 10, 2017
Keywords: saddle-point method,Mellin transform,tries,suffix-trees,profile,asymptotics,[INFO.INFO-DS] Computer Science [cs]/Data Structures and Algorithms [cs.DS],[INFO.INFO-DM] Computer Science [cs]/Discrete Mathematics [cs.DM],[MATH.MATH-CO] Mathematics [math]/Combinatorics [math.CO],[INFO.INFO-CG] Computer Science [cs]/Computational Geometry [cs.CG]

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