In queuing theory, it is usual to have some models with a "reset" of the queue. In terms of lattice paths, it is like having the possibility of jumping from any altitude to zero. These objects have the interesting feature that they do not have the same intuitive probabilistic behaviour as classical Dyck paths (the typical properties of which are strongly related to Brownian motion theory), and this article quantifies some relations between these two types of paths. We give a bijection with some other lattice paths and a link with a continued fraction expansion. Furthermore, we prove several formulae for related combinatorial structures conjectured in the On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. Thanks to the kernel method and via analytic combinatorics, we provide the enumeration and limit laws of these "lattice paths with catastrophes" for any finite set of jumps. We end with an algorithm to generate such lattice paths uniformly at random.

Source : oai:arXiv.org:1707.01931

DOI : 10.23638/DMTCS-19-1-23

Volume: Vol. 19 no. 1

Section: Analysis of Algorithms

Published on: September 29, 2017

Submitted on: July 10, 2017

Keywords: Mathematics - Combinatorics,Computer Science - Discrete Mathematics,Mathematics - Probability,05A16, 05A19, 60F05

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