Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science |

A pair of non-adjacent edges is said to be separated in a circular ordering of vertices, if the endpoints of the two edges do not alternate in the ordering. The circular separation dimension of a graph $G$, denoted by $\pi^\circ(G)$, is the minimum number of circular orderings of the vertices of $G$ such that every pair of non-adjacent edges is separated in at least one of the circular orderings. This notion is introduced by Loeb and West in their recent paper. In this article, we consider two subclasses of planar graphs, namely $2$-outerplanar graphs and series-parallel graphs. A $2$-outerplanar graph has a planar embedding such that the subgraph obtained by removal of the vertices of the exterior face is outerplanar. We prove that if $G$ is $2$-outerplanar then $\pi^\circ(G) = 2$. We also prove that if $G$ is a series-parallel graph then $\pi^\circ(G) \leq 2$.

Source: arXiv.org:1612.09436

Volume: Vol. 19 no. 3

Section: Graph Theory

Published on: November 3, 2017

Accepted on: September 21, 2017

Submitted on: January 20, 2017

Keywords: Computer Science - Discrete Mathematics,Mathematics - Combinatorics

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