Beaton, Nicholas R and Conway, Andrew R and Guttmann, Anthony J - On consecutive pattern-avoiding permutations of length 4, 5 and beyond

dmtcs:4303 - Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science, February 26, 2018, Vol. 19 no. 2, Permutation Patterns 2016
On consecutive pattern-avoiding permutations of length 4, 5 and beyond

Authors: Beaton, Nicholas R and Conway, Andrew R and Guttmann, Anthony J

We review and extend what is known about the generating functions for consecutive pattern-avoiding permutations of length 4, 5 and beyond, and their asymptotic behaviour. There are respectively, seven length-4 and twenty-five length-5 consecutive-Wilf classes. D-finite differential equations are known for the reciprocal of the exponential generating functions for four of the length-4 and eight of the length-5 classes. We give the solutions of some of these ODEs. An unsolved functional equation is known for one more class of length-4, length-5 and beyond. We give the solution of this functional equation, and use it to show that the solution is not D-finite. For three further length-5 c-Wilf classes we give recurrences for two and a differential-functional equation for a third. For a fourth class we find a new algebraic solution. We give a polynomial-time algorithm to generate the coefficients of the generating functions which is faster than existing algorithms, and use this to (a) calculate the asymptotics for all classes of length 4 and length 5 to significantly greater precision than previously, and (b) use these extended series to search, unsuccessfully, for D-finite solutions for the unsolved classes, leading us to conjecture that the solutions are not D-finite. We have also searched, unsuccessfully, for differentially algebraic solutions.


Source : oai:arXiv.org:1704.08839
Volume: Vol. 19 no. 2, Permutation Patterns 2016
Section: Permutation Patterns
Published on: February 26, 2018
Submitted on: May 5, 2017
Keywords: Mathematics - Combinatorics,05Exx, 05Axx


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