Barnabei, M. and Bonetti, F. and Castronuovo, N. and Silimbani, M. - Consecutive patterns in restricted permutations and involutions

dmtcs:5175 - Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science, June 5, 2019, Vol. 21 no. 3
Consecutive patterns in restricted permutations and involutions

Authors: Barnabei, M. and Bonetti, F. and Castronuovo, N. and Silimbani, M.

It is well-known that the set $\mathbf I_n$ of involutions of the symmetric group $\mathbf S_n$ corresponds bijectively - by the Foata map $F$ - to the set of $n$-permutations that avoid the two vincular patterns $\underline{123},$ $\underline{132}.$ We consider a bijection $\Gamma$ from the set $\mathbf S_n$ to the set of histoires de Laguerre, namely, bicolored Motzkin paths with labelled steps, and study its properties when restricted to $\mathbf S_n(1\underline{23},1\underline{32}).$ In particular, we show that the set $\mathbf S_n(\underline{123},{132})$ of permutations that avoids the consecutive pattern $\underline{123}$ and the classical pattern $132$ corresponds via $\Gamma$ to the set of Motzkin paths, while its image under $F$ is the set of restricted involutions $\mathbf I_n(3412).$ We exploit these results to determine the joint distribution of the statistics des and inv over $\mathbf S_n(\underline{123},{132})$ and over $\mathbf I_n(3412).$ Moreover, we determine the distribution in these two sets of every consecutive pattern of length three. To this aim, we use a modified version of the well-known Goulden-Jacson cluster method.


Source : oai:arXiv.org:1902.02213
Volume: Vol. 21 no. 3
Section: Combinatorics
Published on: June 5, 2019
Submitted on: February 7, 2019
Keywords: Mathematics - Combinatorics


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