Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science 
A unicellular map is the embedding of a connected graph in a surface in such a way that the complement of the graph is a topological disk. In this paper we give a bijective operation that relates unicellular maps on a nonorientable surface to unicellular maps of a lower topological type, with distinguished vertices. From that we obtain a recurrence equation that leads to (new) explicit counting formulas for nonorientable precubic (all vertices of degree 1 or 3) unicellular maps of fixed topology. We also determine asymptotic formulas for the number of all unicellular maps of fixed topology, when the number of edges goes to infinity. Our strategy is inspired by recent results obtained for the orientable case [Chapuy, PTRF 2010], but significant novelties are introduced: in particular we construct an involution which, in some sense, ``averages'' the effects of nonorientability. \par
Source : ScholeXplorer
IsRelatedTo ARXIV 1504.01546 Source : ScholeXplorer IsRelatedTo DOI 10.1007/s1080101707368 Source : ScholeXplorer IsRelatedTo DOI 10.48550/arxiv.1504.01546
