We consider themodel of broadcasting on a tree, with binary state space, on theinfinite rooted tree $T^k$ in which each node has $k$ children. The root of the tree takesa random value $0$ or $1$, and then each node passes a value independently to each of its children according to a $2x2$ transition matrix $\mathbf{P}$. We say that reconstruction is possible if the values at the dth level of the tree contain non-vanishing information about the value at the root as $d→∞$. Extending a method of Brightwell and Winkler, we obtain new conditions under which reconstruction is impossible, both in the general case and in the special case $p_11=0$. The latter case is closely related to the hard-core model from statistical physics; a corollary of our results is that, for the hard-core model on the $(k+1)$-regular tree with activity $λ =1$, the unique simple invariant Gibbs measure is extremal in the set of Gibbs measures, for any $k ≥ 2$.

Source : oai:HAL:hal-01183920v1

Volume: DMTCS Proceedings vol. AC, Discrete Random Walks (DRW'03)

Section: Proceedings

Published on: January 1, 2003

Submitted on: May 10, 2017

Keywords: extremality,broadcasting on a tree,reconstruction,hard-core model,Gibbs measure,[INFO.INFO-DS] Computer Science [cs]/Data Structures and Algorithms [cs.DS],[INFO.INFO-DM] Computer Science [cs]/Discrete Mathematics [cs.DM],[MATH.MATH-CO] Mathematics [math]/Combinatorics [math.CO],[INFO.INFO-CG] Computer Science [cs]/Computational Geometry [cs.CG]

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